holla @ ur girl
The idea of the monomyth, also known as the hero’s journey, is so massively important as a method of storytelling across the globe and so completely integrated into our cultural consciousness, many writers create stories that fit into its norms without even realizing they’re doing it. We have seen this story layout hundreds of times, and yet it seems new with every retelling. The monomyth is so ubiquitous as to be universal while still rooting itself deeply into us as a story that each individual wants to be told.
If you’re a storyteller, the monomyth and its components are worth learning, so dig in!
1.) The Call to Adventure: The hero starts off in a mundane situation of normality from which some information is received that acts as a call to head off into the unknown.
2.) Refusal of the Call: Often when the call is given, the future hero first refuses to heed it. This may be from a sense of duty or obligation, fear, insecurity, a sense of inadequacy, or any of a range of reasons that work to hold the person in his or her current circumstances.
3.) Supernatural Aid: Once the hero has committed to the quest, consciously or unconsciously, his guide and magical helper appears, or becomes known. More often than not, this supernatural mentor will present the hero with one or more talismans or artifacts that will aid them later in their quest.
4.) The Crossing of the First Threshold: This is the point where the person actually crosses into the field of adventure, leaving the known limits of his or her world and venturing into an unknown and dangerous realm where the rules and limits are not known.
5.) Belly of the Whale: The belly of the whale represents the final separation from the hero’s known world and self. By entering this stage, the person shows willingness to undergo a metamorphosis.
6.) The Road of Trials: The road of trials is a series of tests, tasks, or ordeals that the person must undergo to begin the transformation. Often the person fails one or more of these tests, which often occur in threes.
7.) The Meeting with the Goddess: This is the point when the person experiences a love that has the power and significance of the all-powerful, all encompassing, unconditional love that a fortunate infant may experience with his or her mother. This is a very important step in the process and is often represented by the person finding the other person that he or she loves most completely.
8.) Woman as Temptress: In this step, the hero faces those temptations, often of a physical or pleasurable nature, that may lead him or her to abandon or stray from his or her quest, which does not necessarily have to be represented by a woman. Woman is a metaphor for the physical or material temptations of life, since the hero-knight was often tempted by lust from his spiritual journey.
9.) Atonement with the Father: In this step the person must confront and be initiated by whatever holds the ultimate power in his or her life. In many myths and stories this is the father, or a father figure who has life and death power. This is the center point of the journey. All the previous steps have been moving in to this place, all that follow will move out from it. Although this step is most frequently symbolized by an encounter with a male entity, it does not have to be a male; just someone or thing with incredible power.
10.) Apotheosis: When someone dies a physical death, or dies to the self to live in spirit, he or she moves beyond the pairs of opposites to a state of divine knowledge, love, compassion and bliss. A more mundane way of looking at this step is that it is a period of rest, peace and fulfillment before the hero begins the return.
11.) The Ultimate Boon: The ultimate boon is the achievement of the goal of the quest. It is what the person went on the journey to get. All the previous steps serve to prepare and purify the person for this step, since in many myths the boon is something transcendent like the elixir of life itself, or a plant that supplies immortality, or the holy grail.
12.) Refusal of the Return: Having found bliss and enlightenment in the other world, the hero may not want to return to the ordinary world to bestow the boon onto his fellow man.
13.) The Magical Flight: Sometimes the hero must escape with the boon, if it is something that the gods have been jealously guarding. It can be just as adventurous and dangerous returning from the journey as it was to go on it.
14.) Rescue from Without: Just as the hero may need guides and assistants to set out on the quest, oftentimes he or she must have powerful guides and rescuers to bring them back to everyday life, especially if the person has been wounded or weakened by the experience.
15.) The Crossing of the Return Threshold: The trick in returning is to retain the wisdom gained on the quest, to integrate that wisdom into a human life, and then maybe figure out how to share the wisdom with the rest of the world.
16.) Master of Two Worlds: This step is usually represented by a transcendental hero like Jesus or Gautama Buddha. For a human hero, it may mean achieving a balance between the material and spiritual. The person has become comfortable and competent in both the inner and outer worlds.
17.) Freedom to Live: Mastery leads to freedom from the fear of death, which in turn is the freedom to live. This is sometimes referred to as living in the moment, neither anticipating the future nor regretting the past.
These are Joseph Campbell’s 17 steps to the “hero’s journey”, or the monomyth. This is not a checklist, nor is it a blueprint. It’s…a guideline, if anything.
(Yes, yes, I’ve started reading The Hero with a Thousand Faces. Not to help me with my writing, but to look inside the human desire to go on adventures. It’s fascinating and is filling me to the brim with wanderlust.)
A few links for further research:
- TV Tropes’ Article on The Hero’s Journey
- Wikipedia’s Article on Monomyth
- ThinkQuest’s Article on The Heroic Monomyth
- Changing Minds’ Article on Campbell’s ‘Hero’s Journey’ Monomyth
- TedEd’s Video “What Makes a Hero?”
- Another Video on the Hero’s Journey/Monomyth
- The Hero with a Thousand Faces by Joseph Campbell
i accidentally just wrote “the soviet onion” on my paper and now i can’t stop laughing
layers and layers of communist propaganda
So, having recently moved into my own apartment, I wanted to share a few tips for people who are anxious about this “growing up” thing that involves getting a job and being financially independent and all that good stuff. Obviously I’m not an expert at this stuff (I’ve lived on my own for like 5 months now????) but sometimes you just need to hear stuff from someone who isn’t your parent, and I am gonna be that someone for today.
- It is easier to clean a little every day than clean a lot occasionally.
- It is cheaper to buy food, cook it, and store it for the month than to buy inexpensive takeout all the time (that adds up).
- If you have the time do something now, do so. You may not have time later.
- If you fold your clothes after they come out of the dryer, you won’t have to waste time ironing them.
- You will break your dresser drawers if you shove too much into them.
- There will be months when you can’t pay everything and that’s okay. Pay what you absolutely have to first (like rent) and worry about other things next.
- You will not be able to remember everything. Write it down. Your planner will be your best friend, and there is no shame in writing down small things. Think you’ll forget to grab your phone on a really busy day? Remind yourself in the planner.
- You will probably feel better if your space is relatively clean.
- No seriously, it really is easier to clean a little every day than to clean a lot occasionally.
- You really are wasting money when you leave on lights you aren’t using (only a little, but still).
- You need a budget. It doesn’t have to be exact, but you need to know about how much spending money you’ll have per week and how it should be spent. Divide your rent by 4 and put aside at least that much every week for rent. After your first month, you’ll be able to predict how much your gas and light bills will be and plan around that.
- You should always carry at least a small amount of cash on you in case of emergencies.
- You should be courteous to other people- firstly because you shouldn’t be a douche and secondly because people will remember your behavior to them and, if you ever need help, you want them to think of you in a good light.
- Buy groceries month-by-month rather than week-by-week if you can afford to. The last thing you want to worry about during finals week when you’ve got a billion papers due in three days is buying food.
- You will have weeks where your amount of spending money is in the single digits. These will be easier if you put a little bit of money to the side from a week when you have more money than you need.
- The generic brand is almost always just as good (or very nearly just as good).
- Breakfast is important. Eat it when you can.
- Sleep is important. You cannot catch up if you miss it.
- It is better to ask for help when you need it, than to suffer in silence. There is almost always help. Whether it’s academic, financial, social, or health-related, most places (colleges OR cities) have resources you probably didn’t know about. Compose a list of those you might need when you don’t need them, so you don’t have to search them out when you’re not feeling well.
- It is better to communicate with a professor about problems you’re having than let them think you don’t care. People are often willing to help or be flexible with due dates, etc. but they absolutely will not be if you keep silent- they will assume you are blowing them off.
- Sometimes you just can’t afford that thing you really want. It sucks but it will happen.
- Keep your priorities straight. Determine what is most important to you and act accordingly.
- Two dollars here and there adds up quickly.
I dunno how many of you guys this will help, but I hope it helps some people. This list will probably get longer over time, and I may also compose a list of things your parents got wrong/didn’t tell you. But I think this covered most of my initial anxieties about moving out.
-try to keep a certain amount in the bank at all times to avoid overdrafts. if you do overdraft, call the bank and see if they’ll reverse the fee. ALWAYS BE POLITE, THEY ARE DOING YOU A FAVOR. they’ve done this for me so many times
-do not shop with cash if you can avoid it. you will quickly lose track of your spending. pay attention to your bank statements, see where you waste money
-do not lend money to everyone. don’t even lend things you care about (clothes, cds) unless you really know the person won’t damage them. some people really do not take care of other people’s stuff.
-laundromats are expensive. if you can get a washing machine from someone, take it.
-you don’t need to wash things after every wear. hang things to dry as much as possible because using a dryer is expensive. it will make things last longer too. on that note, pay attention to care tags when you buy clothing. sometimes dry clean only really does mean dry clean only. and underwire bras do not belong in the washing machine. ever.
-learning to cook will save you tons of money. plus it tastes better
-frozen veggies are just as good as fresh and they last longer and are cheaper
-you can reuse vegetable oil. keep it in a jar. don’t dump it in the sink, EVER
-save all of your leftovers, always
-store bread in the fridge. it lasts much longer.
-make your coffee at home. you will save more money than you can imagine
-pay attention to sales and clip coupons. toilet paper is really fucking expensive. and 2 ply really makes a difference.
-buy in bulk whenever possible
-if you’re an impulsive shopper, keep the tags on everything so you can return them if you change your mind. SAVE RECEIPTS ALWAYS.
-cable tv is not worth the price. get a good internet connection instead.
-thrift stores for everything except underwear and bedding
-don’t live with your best friends, you will probably end up hating each other. it’s more important to find roommates who are responsible and clean and respectful than people you wanna hang out with 24/7
-white vinegar can be used to clean most things. keep some in a spray bottle.
-fruit fly trap: put some apple cider vinegar in a cup with a drop of dish soap, leave it on the counter. prevention though: bananas go bad really fast. they’ll turn black in the fridge but stay fresh inside the peel.
-avoid a hangover by drinking a TON of water *while* you’re drinking alcohol. drink at least 8oz after every drink. a hangover is mostly dehydration, so this is super effective. eat eggs and take vitamin C in the morning, both things help your body recover quickly.
-people will take advantage of your generosity, so save it for people who will have your back when you need them.
-have a backup alarm clock
-always keep a flashlight, matches, a manual can opener, and bottled water around
-become handy with tools
-don’t go to the doctor for every damn cough and sniffle. sleep, vitamins, and herbs work pretty well for colds. cranberry extract pills WILL beat a UTI and are cheaper than antibiotics (and better for you.)
-take pictures when you move into an apartment in case your landlord tries to keep your security deposit for dishonest reasons! this happened to me :\
file under “things i learned the hard way because my parents didn’t teach me a damn thing”